The NWS RSO project team and discipline leads have a range of skills in geological disposal science and technology that allow for a collaborative and strategic approach to radioactive waste management.
You can find out more about each of our members below.
RSO Core Project Team
Professor Katherine Morris
Nuclear Waste Services RSO Director, BNFL Chair of Environmental Radioactivity, The University of Manchester
Katherine Morris is BNFL Chair of Environmental Radioactivity at The University of Manchester and has over 20 years’ experience in academic research with over 40 research awards totalling >£12 M research income as principal investigator or co-investigator on UKRI, EU and industry proposals. She brings expertise in the speciation and fate of radionuclides in engineered and natural environments. Kath’s diversity of funding reflects her deep knowledge of the UKRI and industry funding landscape in nuclear environmental sciences and her ability to work flexibly to deliver funding and research results, the latter evidenced by her >90 peer reviewed publications in the field of environmental radioactivity research. She also has held an advisory role on the UKRI Energy Strategic Advisory Committee and has extensive experience reviewing proposals for NERC and EPSRC. She edited the 2014 conference proceedings for the IGDTP Conference delivered in partnership with RWM. She is firmly committed to equality and diversity issues in both the academic and nuclear arena and in 2018 she was awarded the Women in Nuclear “Mission Possible Award” for promoting equality and diversity in her research from the WiN Network.
Professor Claire Corkhill
Nuclear Waste Services RSO Sheffield Lead, Chair in Nuclear Material Degradation and EPSRC Early Career Research Fellow and Reader, The University of Sheffield.
Claire Corkhill holds a Chair in Nuclear Material Degradation and is an EPSRC Early Career Research Fellow and Reader at The University of Sheffield. Her research applies surface and aqueous analytical chemistry techniques to understand mechanisms of nuclear material alteration in aqueous environments, relevant to nuclear waste disposal. She holds a live grant portfolio of >£4.5M, supporting research relevant to disposability of HLW and ILW glass, Pu-glass/ceramics, spent nuclear fuel. She is co/author of >50 peer reviewed papers, supervises 6 PDRAs and 8 PhDs, and has acted as an expert consultant for the International Atomic Energy Agency (2016-present).
Professor Sam Shaw
Nuclear Waste Services RSO Manchester Lead, Professor in Environmental Mineralogy, The University of Manchester
Sam Shaw has 22 years of research experience in fields related to the geodisposal of radioactive waste, from studies of solid phase evolution in cement barriers to the speciation and fate of radionuclides under disposal conditions. The focus of this work has been the development and application of state-of-the-art X-ray (e.g. synchrotron-based X-ray adsorption spectroscopy and scattering) and electron beam (e.g. atomic resolution transmission electron microscopy) techniques and applying these results to large scale environmental challenges, including contaminated land and transport of radionuclides in the subsurface. Over this period, he has had a consistent track record of obtaining research funding (>£8M in total) from a diverse range of sources including UKRI (NERC, STFC, EPRSC), industrial (e.g. BP and Sellafield) EU and other funders (e.g. Royal Society and Leverhulme). Key to his research success is collaboration with workers in cognate disciplines which has facilitated the development cutting edge research. This approach has led to high quality research outputs across many projects involving international collaboration, e.g. USA, France, Germany. This is evidenced by the publication of 63 papers, with the majority in world leading journals.
Dr Helen Bayram
Nuclear Waste Services RSO Project Manager, The University of Manchester
Helen Bayram is an experienced project manager at The University of Manchester. She previously worked on the Robotics and AI for Nuclear (RAIN) project as Outreach and Project Manager and at the Wellcome Trust/EPSRC Centre for Medical Engineering at KCL. Prior to this Helen undertook a postdoctoral position at Uppsala University. Helen holds a BSc in Veterinary Sciences and a PhD in Biological Sciences.
Nuclear Waste Services RSO Project Administrator, The University of Manchester
Sam Roberts is an experienced administrator in the Dalton Nuclear Institute at The University of Manchester, and will work alongside the Project Manager to provide project support to the RSO. She has worked at the University for 8 years and during that time has supported a number of nuclear related projects, including the NNUMAN programme and most recently the Henry Royce Institute’s Nuclear Materials core theme, championed by Professor Francis Livens.
RSO Discipline Leads
Adrian Bull MBE Co-Training Lead, BNFL Chair in Nuclear Energy and Society at the Dalton Nuclear Institute, The University of Manchester. Adrian Bull recently joined Manchester alongside his role as director of external relations for the UK National Nuclear Laboratory (NNL). Prior to joining NNL in 2012, Adrian worked for British Nuclear Fuels Limited for over 20 years. An engineer by background, Adrian moved into policy and communications in the late 1990s. Adrian is Vice-Chair of the World Nuclear Association’s Communications Group and works with a number of committees relating to Nuclear and British industry. He is a Fellow of the UK Energy Institute and was awarded an MBE for his work on the development of public understanding of nuclear.
Professor David Copplestone Environmental Science Lead, Professor of Environmental Radioactivity, The University of Stirling. David Copplestone is Professor of Environmental Radioactivity at the University of Stirling. He has published over 80 refereed papers and has 25 years experience researching the fate, behaviour and effects of radionuclides in the environment. Current research focuses on radiological risk assessment to better understand the effects of, and how ecological systems adapt to, environmental stress caused by, exposure to ionising radiation. David was a member of the International Commission on Radiological Protection Committees 4 (Applications) and 5 (Environmental Protection) between 2009 and 2021. He is currently chairing an ICRP Task Group (105) on considering the environment when applying the system of radiological protection. He also spent six years running the Radioactive Substances Research programme for the Environment Agency in England and Wales before moving to Stirling in 2010.
Ian Farnan Materials Science Lead, Ian Farnan, is Professor of Earth and Nuclear Materials in the Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge and a Professorial Fellow of Clare Hall. His research focuses on an atomistic understanding of radiation damage, high-temperature and aqueous corrosion processes in nuclear materials, including nuclear waste forms and their natural analogues, fuels and clads. He has held leadership roles in several UK and European research consortia in these areas including, most recently, as work package leader for model systems in the H2020 project Modern Spent Fuel Dissolution and Chemistry in Failed Container Conditions (DisCo, 2017-2021) as part of the Implementing Geological Disposal Technology Platform (IGD-TP) of the European Union. From 2007-2015 he was a member of the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Environmental and Molecular Sciences Directorate of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. He is currently Chair of Cambridge Nuclear Energy Centre and Cambridge co-Director of the Nuclear Energy Futures EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Nuclear Energy. In 2019 he spent a sabbatical as a consultant at the OECD-NEA, Paris, and has previously held visiting professor positions at Stanford University, the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation and the European Commission Joint Research Centre, Karlsruhe.
Penny Harvey Applied Social Science Lead, Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Manchester, Fellow of the British Academy, of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, and the Academia Europaea. Penny Harvey’s research has focused on infrastructures of social change, the material and social relations of modern statecraft, knowledge practices and the politics of value. She has conducted long-term ethnographic research in Peru looking at civic infrastructure projects including road construction, sanitation, and waste management systems. She co-founded the Beam network for social research on nuclear within the Dalton Nuclear Institute, and is currently engaged in the ethnographic study of nuclear infrastructures in the UK. She is Deputy Chair of the UK Government Committee on Radioactive Waste Management.
Professor Scott Heath Training lead, Professor of Nuclear Chemistry, Associate Dean for Postgraduate Researcher Development, Chair of NSSG Higher Level Skills subgroup. Scott Heath is Professor of Nuclear Chemistry, Associate Dean for Post Graduate Researcher Development and Chairs the NSSG Higher Level Skills subgroup. His current research involves development of analytical techniques for trace radioactive nuclides, and control of radioactive contaminants in engineered environments. He is the PI of the Centre for Doctoral Training in Nuclear Fission “GREEN”, and has published > 90 peer reviewed articles.
Professor Steve Jones Advanced Manufacturing Lead, Professor of Welding Technology, Chief Technology Officer at Nuclear AMRCM. Steve Jones is Professor of welding technology and the Chief Technology Officer at the Nuclear AMRC. Steve is responsible for the Nuclear AMRC’s technology strategy to ensure the centre delivers innovative and valuable technical solutions to the UK supply chain. He is a Chartered Engineer, Fellow of The Welding Institute (TWI), the UK’s delegated expert within the International Institute of Welding, and a UK committee representative for ASME BPVC Section IX. He has spent over 30 years in industry working within the nuclear, aerospace, marine and energy sectors.
Professor Francis Livens Radiochemistry Lead, Professor of Radiochemistry, Director of Dalton Nuclear Institute, The University of Manchester. Francis Livens is Professor of Radiochemistry and Director of the Dalton Nuclear Institute. He has published over 200 refereed papers; >35 years’ research experience with a particular interest in radioactive waste management, has led over £ 20 M of UKRI projects including multi-partner collaborations. Has supported Government (CoRWM (2007-2016), Cabinet Office SAC (2010-present), and NIRAB (2017-present)), Regulators (ONR Independent Advisory Panel 2016-present) and industry (e.g. AWE (Materials Science; Threat Reduction); Sellafield Ltd (Pu management)).
Professor Rebecca Lunn Sub-surface Engineering Lead, Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of Strathclyde. Becky Lunn (MBE, FREng, FRSE, FICE, FIE) is the Royal Academy of Engineering and BAM Nuttall Research Chair in Biomineral Technologies for Ground Engineering at the University of Strathclyde. She has led >£7M of research, with an emphasis on the development of low carbon technologies for ground engineering, with specific applications in construction, nuclear decommissioning, nuclear waste disposal and geological carbon storage. She is an experienced advisor to Government, including past membership of the UK Committee on Radioactive Waste Management and the Scottish Government Working Group on Geothermal Energy Production. She is a Trustee of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, a member of the Operating Committee of the National Engineering Policy Centre and an advisor to the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council on Engineering and the Circular Economy.
Dr Majid Sedighi Geo-technical / Engineered Barriers Lead, Senior Lecturer in Geotechnical Engineering, The University of Manchester. Majid Sedighi is a Civil Engineer with 20 years’ experience of industry and academia. He has conducted research for over 14 years on clay-based engineered barriers with particular interest on modelling the coupled THCM behaviour in geological disposal context. He has published over 65 research outputs which are mostly related to multiphysics, multiscale phenomena in geomaterial behaviour. He is currently a member of the Advisory Board of Géotechnique.
Professor Kevin Taylor Geosciences Lead, Professor of Sedimentology and Techtonics and Head of Research for the School of Natural Sciences, The University of Manchester. Kevin Taylor is Professor of Geosciences and Head of Research for the School of Natural Sciences at The University of Manchester. He has published c.a. 100 refereed papers; >25 years research experience with a particular interest in sub-surface geoscience characterisation, poroperm and mineral properties, and related heterogeneity, and has led c. £4M of UKRI, EU and industry projects. He has supported UKRI through NERC College and grant panel membership, and the UK science community through Council membership of the Mineralogical Society and UK University Geoscience.
Professor Robert Zimmerman Applied Mathematics Lead, Professor of Rock Mechanics, Imperial College London. Robert Zimmerman is Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, and co-author of the definitive monograph Fundamentals of Rock Mechanics, 4th ed. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2007). He has ten years of experience as a researcher and PI on the US DOE’s Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository project, was the PI on the €3M Euratom THERESA project, PI on the £2.5M NERC-RWM-EA-funded Hydroframe project, and has been a PI on two rounds of the DECOVALEX project, an international collaboration on the development of computational codes for simulating processes relevant to Geological Disposal Facilities.
Nuclear Waste Services key contacts and subject matter experts
Head of the Nuclear Waste Services RSO
Lucy Bailey is responsible for ensuring that the Nuclear Waste Services RSO delivers the research understanding necessary to underpin safe geological disposal. Lucy is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics with over 25 years’ experience working in geological disposal. Her career has focused on developing the long-term environmental safety case. Lucy led NWS’s Post-closure Safety and Environment Group and was responsible for producing NWS’s generic Disposal System Safety Case. She is well-respected internationally and was elected Chair of the OECD/Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) Integration Group for the Safety Case (IGSC) in October 2015. The IGSC develops international best practice in the delivery and regulation of geological disposal system safety cases. In addition to the UK programme, Lucy has contributed to international programmes, as an expert peer reviewer of safety cases and through leading roles in IAEA and EC projects. Lucy has over 40 publications covering the safety case and other technical and societal aspects of geological disposal with a particular interest in safety case communication.
Nuclear Waste Services Sponsor
Jon Martin is Head of Environment and Sustainability within NWS’s Technical Directorate: Jon Martin leads Nuclear Waste Services team of scientists delivering the research and development work programme necessary to deliver the long-term environmental safety case for the Geological Disposal Facility. He is also accountable for delivering the environmental safety case and those environmental / sustainability assessments necessary for permitting the GDF and its supporting infrastructure. Jon is a synthetic chemist and radiochemist and has worked in nuclear generation, decommissioning, disposal and project management, supporting the Magnox fleet as well as several other UK nuclear sites. He has led Nuclear Waste Services research programme since 2012.
NWS Deputy RSO Lead & Lead subject matter expert for Environmental Science
Kat Raines is a Research Manager at Nuclear Waste Services with 8 years’ research experience in environmental sciences and joined Nuclear Waste Services in 2021. Her background is (radio)ecology, conservation and environmental sciences with a PhD awarded from the University of Stirling examining the effects of radiation on bumblebees at Chernobyl as part of the NERC-led and part Nuclear Waste Services funded Radioactivity and the Environment (RATE) research programme. Current research interests include ecosystem modelling, long term landform evolution and wildlife ecotoxicology
NWS lead subject matter experts
Tracy Badham is a Social Responsibility Manager at Nuclear Waste Services, with over 20 years experience mitigating operational, regulatory, and reputational risks through leading design and implementation of community investment, social impact, and philanthropic programmes across the extractives sector. With a diverse set of skills in managing and spearheading employee volunteering campaigns, and increasing engagement in the empowerment of youth and education issues.
Will Bower is a Research Manager at Nuclear Waste Services. He has a broad background, with an undergraduate degree in geology, a PhD in mineralogy and radiation effects and postdoctoral studies in environmental radiochemistry (University of Manchester). Prior to joining Nuclear Waste Services, he was a researcher and senior experimentalist in the Radionuclide Reaction and Fate Group at the University of Helsinki. His research interests have included assessments of radioactive contaminants from the Fukushima and Chernobyl exclusion zones, the behaviour and fate of priority radionuclides in the geosphere, and spectroscopic/microscopic characterisation of nuclear industry derived materials. Will is the Nuclear Waste Services lead on the radionuclide behaviour work package, currently heading a key project on experimental methodology development for site specific research. He has authored ~20 peer-reviewed publications and represents Nuclear Waste Services in international projects including long-term experimental partnerships at underground research laboratories (e.g. Grimsel, Mont Terri), and is a steering committee member for the international thermodynamic database consortium, ThermoChimie.
Andy Cooke is a Research Manager at Nuclear Waste Services with a background in geophysics and structural geology (PhD University of Leeds). Since joining Nuclear Waste Services in 2020, he has been involved in a number of multidisciplinary national and international research projects relating to waste-derived gas generation, migration, and reactivity. Prior to joining Nuclear Waste Services, Andy’s research focussed on the impact of carbonate-hosted fault zones on subsurface fluid flow. Current research interests include gas migration through the geosphere and engineered barrier system, gas-related hazards during the GDF operational phase, and environmental controls on gas generation rates.
Oliver Hall is a Post-closure Safety Specialist at Nuclear Waste Services and his background is in Theoretical & Computational Physics (PhD Durham, 2014). His interests are in demonstrating the long-term safety of a GDF, through assessments of system performance, as well as more general mathematical and computational modelling. Since joining Nuclear Waste Services in 2016, Oliver has been responsible for the development of Nuclear Waste Services Digital Safety Case management system, ViSI. He was the original developer of the system, and now manages its technical development with a commercial supplier. He is at the forefront of Nuclear Waste Services efforts to create a truly accessible and traceable Environmental Safety Case (ESC), by linking the safety case directly to its evidence base using ViSI. He is a member of the Institute of Physics and also has a keen interest in software development.
Expert engineering and waste container design
Richard Hardy is a mechanical engineer with 13 years’ experience in nuclear engineering. Richard has worked on large projects for Nuvia at Sellafield and AWE, these include a major decommissioning project – the B204 Stack Demolition Project at Sellafield, for which Richard helped finalise the design and manufacture of a self-climbing platform, subsequently used for the successful demolition of the stack. Richard is responsible for GDF mechanical systems and ventilation as well as being the lead for waste container design. Richard is a Chartered Engineer and member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and is also the Secretary of the Stores Operations Forum (group for managing the interim storage of radioactive waste) for NDA.
Alan Hodge is a Senior Engineering Manager at Nuclear Waste Services specialising in Engineering Feasibility and Construction. Alan has been working in Engineering for over 20 years delivering structural engineering and multi-discipline design work for civil infrastructure projects both large and small. Most recently prior to joining NWS Alan was working on tunnelling and bridge building mainly, including the world record for the longest direct pipe drive, one of the largest diameter tunnels in the southern hemisphere and Hinkley point C. Alan has a BEng in Environmental Engineering and an MSc in Civil Engineering as well as being a Chartered Civil Engineer with the Institution of Civil Engineers. Alan’s role with NWS is to provide subject matter expertise in Civil infrastructure design and construction. Particular areas of focus are underground construction techniques, construction safety and major project delivery.
Elaine Holme is a Senior Engineering Manager at Nuclear Waste Services providing geotechnical expertise in support of Engineering Feasibility. Her background is Geology and Geotechnical Engineering with a BSc in Environmental Geology and a PgDip in Geotechnical Engineering Design and Management. Elaine has over 20 years of experience in geotechnical and geoenvironmental engineering in water, waste water and infrastructure including seismic/seepage stability of embankment dams. In her current role Elaine provides subject matter expertise across many work areas with a focus on Engineering Feasibility assessments, ground risk and development of engineering design information needs.
Alex Hughes is a Research Manager at Nuclear Waste Services with a background in structural geology, sedimentology, and petroleum geoscience (PhD, Royal Holloway University of London). Prior to joining Nuclear Waste Services, he worked as a consultant supporting RWM on a variety of projects, such as problematic waste management, ESC methodology and capability development, and voidage implications. Since joining Nuclear Waste Services in 2021, he has been involved in numerous multidisciplinary research projects, investigating topics such as analogues, climate change and borehole sealing.
Geo-technical / Engineered Barriers
Matthew Kirby is a Research Manager at Nuclear Waste Services. His background is in geology (BSc, University of Birmingham), and geochemistry (PhD, Imperial College London). Matthew joined Nuclear Waste Services in December 2020. Prior to joining Nuclear Waste Services, he worked as a Graduate Geo-Environmental Consultant for 1 year. Matthew’s research interests include understanding the near field evolution of a geological disposal facility for low heat and high heat generating radioactive waste. He currently has a particular focus on the evolution of bentonite as a buffer, backfill and seal. Matthew represents Nuclear Waste Services on a number of national and international projects related to near field evolution.
Geoscience and waste-derived gas
Simon Norris is Principal Research Manager at Nuclear Waste Services, with over 25 years’ research experience. His background is geology & geophysics (PhD University of Liverpool). Research interests include the impact of very long term future natural changes on the geosphere, and geosphere responses to the emplacement and evolution of a geological disposal facility for the UK’s higher activity radioactive wastes. He is also NWS lead on waste-derived gas generation and migration, including gas-geosphere interactions, and is currently leading a key project on sealing deep site investigation boreholes. Simon has published over 30 peer reviewed papers, and represents Nuclear Waste Services in international projects including with the International Atomic Energy Agency and European Commission. He is a Chartered Geologist and Chartered Physicist, and supports the UK science community through membership of the Geological Society Professional Committee; he is also a scrutineer of CGeol applications.
Geoscience: Hydrogeology, groundwater chemistry
Sally Thompson is a Principal Research Manager and Team Leader for Nuclear Waste Services Geoscience Team. Sally’s core interests and experience relate to site characterisation using geological, groundwater flow and groundwater chemistry information. She worked in engineering consultancy for 15 years, leading shallow and deep subsurface characterisation projects and then at the Environment Agency, gaining a robust understanding of groundwater permitting and protection, before joining Nuclear Waste Services in 2014. Since the GDF will not be built in a day, probably not in 100yrs, Sally considers that one of the biggest challenges to her work area is not necessarily the science, but in developing and maintaining a workforce that has the comparatively unique hydrogeological skills needed by a GDF programme. Understanding the existing UK academic capability in hydrogeology, and laying the foundations for a succession plan, are the exciting early focuses for Sally’s work with the Research Support Office. Sally is a Chartered Geologist, and is a scrutineer of CGeol applications, she also sits on the steering committee for an international underground research facility.
Additional NWS subject matter experts
Waste package engineering
Rob Carroll is an experimental physicist with a background in nuclear structure physics (PhD University of Liverpool) and has been a Research Manager at Nuclear Waste Services since 2016. He primarily specialises in waste package accident performance. Key research topics of interest include the underlying drivers of performance in impact accident scenarios and fire accident scenarios, and the effects of waste package ageing on the accident performance. Research on waste-package-scale performance is typically undertaken using finite element modelling techniques, while material properties research is undertaken using a range of experimental techniques, such as breakup testing using an impact test rig.
Alexander Carter is a Post-closure Safety Specialist at Nuclear Waste Services with a background in physics and particular expertise in information and data management. Alexander is currently the Chair of the OECD/Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) Information, Data and Knowledge Management (IDKM) working party. He also leads the Features, Events and Processes (FEP) task group under the NEA Integration Group for the Safety Case (IGSC). Alexander contributed to the UK’s generic post-closure safety assessment and has a number of published papers, particularly associated with his work on international projects.
Waste package evolution
Michelle Cowley is a Senior Research Manager at Nuclear Waste Services with 13 years of research experience across academia and industry. Her background is Chemistry (PhD University of Liverpool). Prior to joining Nuclear Waste Services, Michelle gained experience working on operational nuclear sites and large-scale test rigs. Her research interests include the long-term evolution of materials in geological environments, in particular glass, ceramics and metals. Michelle is the lead for Nuclear Waste Services on research projects relating to evolution of wasteforms and disposal containers. She is also the Nuclear Waste Services lead for various international projects and experiments, including the Material Corrosion Test (MaCoTe) at the Grimsel Test Site in Switzerland. Michelle is a Member of the Royal Society of Chemistry and is a Chartered Chemist; she is also a keen promoter of Equality, Diversity and Inclusion and led the establishment of the Women in Nuclear network in the Central England Region.
Rosie Hibberd is a Senior Research Manager at Nuclear Waste Services, with 8 years’ research experience. Her background is chemistry & environmental radiochemistry (PhD University of Manchester). Research interests include the long-term evolution of spent nuclear fuels and their interactions with groundwater. Rosie represents Nuclear Waste Services in a number of national and international projects and is a Member of the Royal Society of Chemistry.
Annabelle Lillycrop is one of Nuclear Waste Services Regional Managers, working as part of the Community Engagement Team. She will act as a key point of contact for communities wishing to find out more about the possibility of hosting a Geological Disposal Facility. Annabelle joined Nuclear Waste Services in 2016, bringing with her significant public and stakeholder engagement and partnership development experience and knowledge in the environmental and nuclear sectors. Annabelle previously worked for the environmental regulator, the Environment Agency, where she led nationally on engagement for the Nuclear Regulatory Group.
Mike Poole is Senior Modelling Manager at Nuclear Waste Services, with over 25 years’ research and modelling experience. His background is physics, and his role focuses on assessment of the post-closure safety of a geological disposal facility, developing understanding and mathematical models of the many processes on which long-term safety may depend. Mike is Nuclear Waste Services lead on mathematical modelling and treatment of uncertainty. His particular interests include probabilistic modelling, including developing total system level models of complex systems to address high levels of uncertainty, and quantification of uncertainty by expert judgement, in which he has a number of internationally peer-reviewed publications.
We welcome opportunities to connect with the research community, industry and the general public.